Member of The Internet Defense League

Wednesday, 28 January 2015

You and your online Privacy : Data Privacy Day.

Today is Data Privacy Day - January 28, 2015

​ Data Privacy Day (DPD) is an effort to empower people to protect their privacy, control their digital footprint and escalate the protection of privacy and data as everyone’s priority.  Held annually on January 28th, Data Privacy Day aims to increase awareness of privacy and data protection issues among consumers, organizations, and government officials. DPD helps industry, academia, and advocates to highlight consumer privacy efforts.​
twitter: @DataPrivacyDay

What is Data Privacy?

Data privacy, also called information privacy, is the aspect of information technology (IT) that deals with the ability an organization or individual has to determine what data in a computer system can be shared with third parties.

Why is data privacy important?

  • Everyone's trying to track what you do on the Web, it's no secret that there's big money to be made in violating your privacy.
  • "One of the most invisible things about the Internet is that there are hordes of robots constantly scrutinizing your aggregate online behavior and determining whether you fit a certain profile.. What determines whether you look like you have something to hide? The robot builders have it in their best interests to keep that secret: otherwise, the people with something to hide would simply start gaming the system. Yet this can also result in a chilling effect: innocent people self-censoring their online behavior based on what they think the robots might be looking for." says Atul Verma (@toolness) in his write up about why privacy matters.
  • Sometimes data privacy can be a juggling act in multinational organizations when it comes to fulfilling the needs of the organization and complying with local privacy laws.
  • Ultimately, data privacy boils down to protecting the rights of the individual to prevent others from stealing their identity, knowing their personal information and much more.

Data Privacy Day: What I can do?

  • Use HTTPS and SSL Whenever Possible:
    • Always use a secure browser. Look for “https” at the beginning of the web address (the “s” stands for “secure”). Access your accounts from a secure location, using computers and networks that you know are safe and secure.
    • Avoid using public networks and always look for the padlock icon in the corner of the browser, signaling that the website is encrypted.
    • The major benefits of a HTTPS certificate are:
      • Customer information, like credit card numbers, is encrypted and cannot be intercepted.
      • Visitors can verify you are a registered business and that you own the domain.
      • Customers are more likely to trust and complete purchases from sites that use HTTPS
    • more..  
  • Create secure Passwords and keep them private:
    • Your passwords should be more than 6 characters and contain letters, numbers and special characters.
    • Mix upper and lower case letters.
    • Don’t use personal information or dictionary words.
    • Hackers use software to enter random dictionary words to help them determine your password.
    • more..
  • Use a Master Password to protect stored logins and passwords :
    • Firefox can save usernames and passwords that you use to access online services, such as banking and email websites.
    • If you share a computer with anyone, it is recommended that you use a master password.
    • more..
  • Don’t Overshare on Social Media:
    • Go through your privacy settings on each site and determine what is a good amount of privacy protection.
    • Consider keeping your profile limited to only certain groups or friends.
    • Never post your personal information such as Social Security number, date of birth or your full name in a public place.
  • Use a search engine that does not track you:
    • A search engine that does not collect or share any of your personal information. 
    • A search engine which has no search history, profile or anything else stored, sold, or given to third parties. Sounds like no search engine like that exists?
    • Yes, it does. Check out : DuckDuckGo
    • read more about this and why you should be concerned :
    • more..
  • Beware of Scammers:
    • If you receive a suspicious email from a business and you’re not sure if it’s legitimate, close the email, open a new browser, type in their web address and contact them through their customer service.
    • You should know that scammers are real and they will try to steal your personal information if they come across it.
    • Never give out your personal information over the Internet, phone, mail or via text message, unless you know exactly who you are dealing with.
  • Keep yourself safe online. How?
    • Do not reveal personal information inadvertently.
    • Turn on cookie notices in your Web browser, and/or use cookie management software or infomediaries.
    • Don't reveal personal details to strangers or just-met "friends".
    • Keep a "clean" e-mail address.
    • Realize you may be monitored at work, avoid sending highly personal e-mail to mailing lists, and keep sensitive files on your home computer.
    • Beware sites that offer some sort of reward or prize in exchange for your data.
    • Do not reply to spammers, for any reason.
    • Be conscious of Web security.
    • Be conscious of home computer security.
    • Examine privacy policies and seals.
    • Remember that YOU decide what information about yourself to reveal, when, why, and to whom
    • Use encryption!
    • more..  
  • Many of us use public wifi networks where ever we can access them. They are a boon enabling us to be online when we need. But are we paying enough attention on are we protecting ourselves and our data on these networks. Below are some tips about the same:
    • Turn Off Sharing
    • Enable Your Firewall
    • Consider Using a Virtual Private Network
    • Turn Wi-Fi Off When You Aren't Using It
    • Automate Your Public Wi-Fi Security Settings
    • more..
  • Shopping online and using e-commerce sites has become a frequent activity online. Most of us shop online for various reasons. While doing this do we think about our data privacy and security. Below are some basic tips to follow while shopping online next time.
    • Look for the Lock: Never ever, ever buy anything online using your credit card from a site that doesn't have SSL (secure sockets layer) encryption installed—at the very least.
    • See if the url of the shopping website begins with https:// While non secure sites and pages begin with http://, secure sites begin with https://
    • Don't Tell All: No online shopping store needs your social security number or your birthday to do business. 
    • Disregard any unsolicited or t suspicious looking pop-ups that appear during your online banking/shopping session.
    • more..
  •  Learn, Teach and share about data privacy:

What we are doing today, join us!


Useful links to read through:

Wednesday, 12 February 2014

Privacy and Security - A practical perspective

Following the interest shown in by the attendees at the Privacy and Security Session at 
CMCS college Nasik, Mozilla Nasik Community decided to cumulate all the interest and 
serve it with a more detailed workshop.

The approach:
   The community members met over a coffee and decided to be more specific on the type of 
audience for the workshop. A set of audience who would be interested in maintaining their 
privacy and security over the internet and would like the hands-on of all the methods one 
should follow to do so.

   A registration form was published and responses were analysed. Interestingly the 
form worked well. With questions like,
Will breach of your online privacy matter to you?
What methods do you use to secure your online presence?
What if all you read write and all your online activity is being watched, will it bother you?
gave some interesting responses with a mixed YES* and No*.
We ended up calling each participant who had registered, but the questionnaire did give us 
an insight on what the audience is thinking before attending the workshop.

The coffee did serve one more purpose, that of deciding on the agenda. I wanted the Nasik 
community members to take the reins in their hands and drive the workshop. Hence we listed out our workshop bullets(topics to cover) and delegated responsibility of each.

  • Hack the web using Webmking tool X-ray goggles.
  • Follow The Privacy and Security Teaching Kit.
  • about:permissions
  • about:privatebrowsing
  • about:config - overview
  • http vs https
  • Understanding Cookies
  • Lightbeam addon Handons.

The Workshop:
   We started with a brief introduction to Mozilla, the mozilla mission and how it merges 
with importance of privacy and security of the online users.

* Hack the web using Webmking tool X-ray goggles:
   X-ray goggles serve the basic purpose of understanding the web's basic building blocks. 
Even a non-technical person feels at home and understands the web if he/she tries to remix 
a website using x-ray goggles (X-ray being the most popular tool for remixing, we decided 
to go with them).

"If we understand and know, what something is made of, we have a better control over it.
 was the basic principal we followed at the start of the workshop. Making the audience 
aware of the Html, Css and JS used to build that something on the web using X-ray 

Consider an example: Your friend throws two planes at you, one made of paper and other of 
steel. Which one would you trust (considering you have option of dodging only one).

Its the paper plane you will trust, because you know it will not hurt you 
compared to the unknown steel plane which may have anything disastrous inside its 
structure. The same thing applies to the web. Understanding it, not being afraid of it and using it 
for the betterment and openness of the web is the thing we wanted to teach though this 

Useful links:

Exercise facilitated by Mayur Patil.

* about:permissions
   It is very important for all the users of the web to understand the basics behind the 
"about:permissions" facility provided in Mozilla Firefox.
This is the Permissions Manager, using which you can give certain websites the ability to 
store passwords, set cookies and more.
To view, change the preferences regarding permissions in the Firefox browser, type 
'about:permissions' into the Location Bar (address bar) and press Enter.

Understand the about:permissions.

 Useful links:

Exercise facilitated by Khushal Kariya.

* about:privatebrowsing :
   Private Browsing - Browse the web without saving information about the sites you visit.
Many a times you need the browser not to store the information(history) of sites you visit 
or the text entered, password and other choices made on the web.
Private Browsing allows you to browse the Internet without saving any information about 
which sites and pages you’ve visited.
To start private browsing mode in the Firefox browser, type 'about:privatebrowsing' into the 
Location Bar (address bar) and press Enter.

Useful links: redirectlocale=en-US&redirectslug=Private+Browsing

Exercise facilitated by Vishal Chavan.

about:config - overview :
   To control the browser you use while using the web is the most basic right one deserves 
over the open web. "about:config" gives user the complete freedom and opportunity to 
control his/her's presence over the internet. Mozilla Firefox is highly customizable, and 
there are a number of ways to change its appearance and behaviour.
To modify a preference in the Firefox browser, type 'about:config' into the Location Bar 
(address bar) and press Enter.

Useful Links:

Exercise facilitated by Ankit Gadgil.

http vs https :
   "You wouldn't write your username and passwords on a postcard and mail it for the world to 
see, so why are you doing it online? Every time you log in to any service that uses a 
plain HTTP connection that's essentially what you're doing.
" says Scott Gilbertson in his blog HTTPS is more secure, so why isn’t the Web using it?

There is a better way, the secure version of HTTP—HTTPS. That extra "S" in the URL means 
your connection is secure and it's much harder for anyone else to see what you're doing.
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) is a secure version of the Hyper Text Transfer 
Protocol (http). HTTPS allows secure eCommerce transactions, such as online banking. 

Why do we need this extra 'S'?
   The Web presents a unique set of trust issues, which businesses must address at the outset 
to minimize risk. Consumers submit information and purchase goods or services via the Internet only when they are confident that their personal information, such as credit card numbers and financial data, is secure. The solution for businesses reliant upon e-commerce is to implement a complete e-commerce trust infrastructure based on encryption technology.

Useful links:

Understanding Cookies :
    "Cookie" is a type of message that is given to a Web browser by a Web server. 
The main purpose of a cookie is to identify users and possibly prepare customized Web pages or to save site login information for you. 

Can Cookies be malicious?
   Yes, Cookies normally do not compromise security, but there is a growing trend of malicious cookies. These types of cookies can be used to store and track your activity online.
Cookies that watch your online activity are called malicious or tracking cookies.
These are the bad cookies to watch for, because they track you and your surfing habits, over time, to build a profile of your interests. Once that profile contains enough information there is a good chance that your information can be sold to an advertising company who then uses this profile information to target you with interest specific adverts.

Useful links:

Lightbeam Addon:
   It is important that everyone should have the tools to make their own decisions about 
their online privacy and who collects data on them.
With the Lightbeam add-on and database server, Mozilla is providing a valuable (and open) 
community research platform that aims to – Raise awareness – Promote analysis – Affect 
policy change in the areas of tracking and privacy.
Lightbeam is one step in a larger, concerted effort by Mozilla and its partners to provide 
Web users with greater control and transparency of their personal data. - from about Lightbeam.

"One of the most invisible things about the Internet is that there are hordes of robots constantly scrutinizing your aggregate online behavior and determining whether you fit a certain profile." says Atul Verma in his argument about Does Privacy Matter?

He further adds: "These robots don’t have to be working for the government, either. They could be working  for, say, your health insurance company, looking for prior conditions that you might be hiding from them. The robots might even ostensibly work for “the people” in the name of transparency and openness."

Lightbeam download:
Exercises facilitated by Ankit Gadgil

   This event format is contemporary, essential and practical. Discussing Privacy & Security with peers, students, teachers and netizens is the need of the day. Shielding our online lives from undesired surveillance is what the world is fighting for now. Understanding and getting to know about this is the 1st step towards securing the HEALTH of the web.
Event Photo stream:
Event Reps page:
Prequel Blog:

Useful Slides:

Mozillians at the event:
Mayur Patil
Vishal Chavan
Khushal Kariya
Dhanashree Chaudhary
Ronit Jadhav

Ankit Gadgil


Tuesday, 21 January 2014

Understand the Privacy and Secuirty of your online lives.

Security and Privacy being an important part of our online lives, all the netizens should know how to handle it and keep the web healthy.

With the help of active and enthusiastic Mozilla Nasik community members, we decided to host the session on Privacy and security  over a coffee on 18th Jan.
The meetup was attended by 11 girls in total organized by the new Womoz volunteer from Nasik, Dhanashree Chaudhary.

We had a talk about Open web and privacy issue faced by a normal user over the web.
With a small dialogue with the girls it was clear that many of them did not do much to protect their privacy and security over the internet.
We showed them Firefox addon Lightbeam and how to use it, the tracking preferences they can set over Firefox and also the use of cookies.

The girls were delighted to know how they can make their content private and which has to be kept public. At the end of the meet some girls were inquisitive to talk with us about a potential session for all their classmates on the topic of Privacy and security.
As always ready the community members instantly decided to conduct a session and had a meeting with the college management for the arrangement of the session.

Event Page:
Blog post:

The management was helpful in providing a seminar hall with required resources for the session.
The College principal was very happy to learn about the volunteer work by the community members.

The event was scheduled for 21st Jan 2014. We couldn't make a swag request as the time gap between the event date and its discussion was very less.
We all looked around our repositories for remaining swags and found some Webmaker sticker to give away.

Done with all the slides, content and attendee preparations the session was initiated by me with a basic introduction to Privacy and Security over the internet.

Mayur Patil took the stage with session on deeper understanding of Open source, its importance for students and developers alike. With introduction to Mozilla, Firefox Browser, Webmaker and Firefox Student Ambassadors (FSA) program, he was successful in keeping the audience glued to their seats wanting to know more.

I then started with a talk on Understanding Privacy and Security and Taking control of your online lives.

Part 1: Questions asked to the audience.
  • Only adults are concerned with online safety?
  • Activity online is mostly negative to my future?
  • Parental controls remove most risk for youth online?
  • Kids shouldn't have access to social media until they are at least 16 years of age and are aware of risks?
  • Kids should be allowed to access the web at school?
  • I protect myself/my family online by?

A mix of positive and negative answers from the audience triggered the interactive session.

Part 2: Discussion on some to-do practices over the web to secure your Privacy.
  • Don't leave passwords in open spaces.
  • Protect your personal information.
  • Don't leave your computer unlocked.
  • Secure ALL devices with unique and secure passwords.
  • Don't click on emails, or links from people you don't know, or that solicit personal information.
About Cybersafety Discussions triggered on the topics of:
  • Don't share any photo publicly, you wouldn't share with your grandma.
  • Never disclose your whereabouts publicly, or disclose you are alone.
  • Respect the privacy of others, don't post or tag photos of people without their permission.
  • Do not meet, or give out your full name, address, or phone number to anyone online that you don't trust or know in person.

Part 3: Is internet a scary place to be?
It was an obvious question which troubled many minds.

Answer: Not at all, the internet is a fun place to be at. A lot of sharing, building and making is what makes the internet the happening place. Opportunity for all is the key.
Be positive, enjoy sharing and making things made possible by the web - is the Mantra.

Part 4: We then talked about the procedures we can use to secure our privacy on the web.
  •  Cookies
    • Understanding Cookies.
    • What they do?
    • What makes them useful/harmful?
    • Enabling and disabling them.
  • Mozilla Firefox
    • Privacy Settings
    • Tracking preferences
    • about:permissions
    • about:privatebrowsing
  • Lightbeam (Addon) -  
Lightbeam addon gives the user a complete insight into the third party websites who collect the user's browsing activity with or without the user's consent.

Displaying this information in an interactive visualization - Graph, Clock and List. The visualization grows with every site one visits and every request made from the browser. The Lightbeam demo turned many interested heads to think about their privacy online.

  • X-ray goggles -
    • Introduction to x-ray goggles.
    • Demo by basic remixing a news site.

The aim of this exercise was to make the audience understand what the web is made of, how easy it is to understand it and how can we maintain our privacy and security while playing with it.

Whats Next?
Mozilla Nasik community is planning a more practical oriented handson event at CMCS college Nasik for the interested who like to build the web.
The registrations soon will be out on the Mozilla Nasik Blog and Mozilla Nasik Community Facebook group.
How to make optimum usage of Firefox, understanding about:config, about:permissions and about:privatebrowsing.
Create a FSA group at the college for further Mozilla activities.

Community members who attended the event:




Sunday, 8 December 2013

Maker Party - Mozfest - What we learned

The end of the year 2013 nears and does the Maker Party 2013. The Maker Party being the most successful Webmaker collaborative event till date, saw a lot of teaching, learning and making. The shear idea of making what you want - the way you want strikes untouched chords of interest in many across the globe. 

The web is open and free. We should care about it by understanding it and building our own version of the it, drives the amazing phenomenon of the maker fair.

This year in 2013 it all started with the announcement of theMaker Party 2013 (formally known as the summer code party). 

Webmaker : The idea of Mozilla, teach the web to the world with the core motivation of web literacy using connected learning is the birth concept of Webmaker. The whole idea behind the “view page source” where we can view, copy, paste and tweak the code to make it our own made the internet the revolutionary tool it is today. Webmaker follows the same idea. Webmaker enables people to make, remix and build upon the works of others by exploring the endless possibilities the internet offers. The easy to use Webmaker tools viz: Thimble, Popcorn maker and X-ray goggles offer learning and understanding of the technologies the web is built in while creating great content.

Get involved - its an easy 4 step process :)
  1. Visit
  2. Claim your user name.
  3. Create an original, remix something fun or start from a template.
  4. Help us test and improve the site.

Webmaker mentors: With webmaker the mission is dedicated to keeping the web open, accessible and free. To accomplish this, there is a need of more than technology: there is a need people who are empowered to build and take control of their own online lives. The synergic working of a global community of teachers and learners makes webmaker a big collaborative effort. The teachers here become mentors and these mentors are the people who are interested and motivated to teach the web to others in an interest based peer-to-peer learning method.

Mark Surman -Executive director @ Mozilla. says  When we talk about a global community of mentors, we’re talking about a global community of people who want to teach the web. We’re talking about formal educators, we’re talking about people outside the school system, we’re talking about techies, and we’re talking about parents.

I feel lucky being a part of the mentor structure. By teaching the web and evangelising the open web & open standards I can feel the positive contribution I am making to the betterment of the internet, the society and ultimately the coming generation.

The Maker Parties: Mozilla kicked off the Maker Party 2013 with a bang on June 15 2013. Webmaker task force India decide to kickstart the maker party in India on the same day with Maker party Pune event. For the next three months, people around the world gathered at great events, making cool stuff and sharing it all online. The goal was to host a worldwide party celebrating all the amazing things we can make and learn thanks to the web. 

Being a part of this amazing collaborative effort called the Maker Party 2013, I had an amazing learning experience. Many event hosts were not formal educators, hosting successful maker parties they proved that teaching the web was easy, fun and very productive. By connecting with other web enthusiasts eager to share skills, Maker Parties were a great way to gain experience and form networks.  Near to 1700 Maker Parties were held in 330 cities across the globe. India was called the epicenter of the webmaker activities by one of the Webmaker’s community engagement personnel. 

Maker parties I attended, facilitated, organized or mentored this season: 
Getting involved was easy:
Maker Party ran from June 15 to September 15. Visit to:

The Mozilla Festival: We visited, We made and We hacked together at the Mozilla festival. The world’s biggest maker party was all-n-all fun for the attendees.

1,300 hackers, media-makers and educators gather in London to invent the web’s future – said the headline of the blog by Matt Thompson about the MozFest

The Mozfest was a three day festival in London of making and learning. I was fortunate enough for being able to be a part of this amazing gathering of webmakers from around the globe. A big thanks to Michelle Thorne and Laura Hilliger for inviting me to the mozfest in the #teactheweb track. The venue Ravensbourne in East London was full of hacking and inventing together, building prototypes and curriculum for teaching everything from basic coding, to protecting online privacy, to integrating the open web into fields like journalism and science.

From talking about why I teach the web, Hacking some Tshirts, Playing with the LEDs on a biker jacket, earning open badges, mentoring at the webmaker tools pod to having the awesome #mozfest coffee the complete experience was overwhelming. 



Specifically talking about one such experience: It was day 1 at mozfest and at the teach the web track we had a webmaker learning booth. With a screen showing the live makes by the attendees it was one of the busiest booths. I was at the Student Ambassador’s booth, Jacob Caggiano (one of the most active contibutors to webmaker) came running in towards me and said “Ankit, checkout this amazing feature in popcorn its called hacking together ” (it was popcorn maker fussed with together.js to give it a new dimension of collaborative making. This was already implemented in Thimble and worked wonders.) I went with him to the now empty webmaker booth, we started hacking a popcorn make together and soon many eger and interested people started storming in. Many said “Wow this is such a cool tool, how can we do it?” and me and Jacob started teaching them the same. The mozfest attendees kept on hacking with the webmaker tools and sharing with an awe! I did feel the amazingness of the tools at that moment, with webmaker the maker gets the superpower of altering and remixing the web he/she wants.


With 10 key tracks mozfest did induce a sense of belonging and care towards the open web.

  • Teach the Web. New approaches for teaching digital skills, coding and webmaking.
  • Connect Your City. Building local digital learning networks around the world.
  • Skills and Badges. New ways to recognize skills and learning that happen anywhere.
  • Look Who’s Watching. Privacy, surveillance and tracking. How do we protect transparency and user sovereignty online?
  • Open Games. The web as an open gaming console for the world. Play and create next-generation web-based games.
  • Source Code for Journalism. Creating the tools news organizations needs to thrive on the open web.
  • Science and the Web. Redefining how we experiment, analyze and share scientific knowledge.
  • Open Data for the Open Web. Uncovering and building with data from the web and everyday world.
  • Making the Web Physical. Hacking on physcial devices and gizmos connected to the web in exciting new ways.
  • Webmaking for Mobile. Making apps and tinkering with your own phone. The web as platform.


 I as all other participants at the mozfest earned Open Badges, as part of Mozilla’s open source project to reimagine credentialing on the web. Many also issued their own Open Badges on-site using community-created tools like and A lot of badges, stickers and the awesome customized mozfest swag were the takeaways. 

 The after event parties are always filled with fun and creativity. Singing the Lungi Dance I had a lot of fun making every body dance at the Alphabet in the O2 arena.




Visiting the creativity & make filled mozfest and the awesome monuments & heritage filled London was indeed a dream come true.

What we learned: 
 # Reflection:
·         What's worked for Webmaking in 2013?
o   The new website.
o   The featured makes (gave a lot of confidence to makers to do more and make more).
o   Mentorship structure.
o   The webmaker swag (ordering it was accessible to all)
o   Anybody can host a makerparty anywhere.
·         What have we enjoyed?
o   Inclusion of Javascript and together.js in Webmaking.
o   Hive and Webmaker party fusion.
o   Themed maker parties.
o   Facilitating and speaking about why we should care about open web.
o   Mentoring on webmaker.

·         What made the most impact?
o   The mentorship structure has installed a sense of belonging  towards webmaker and making, the maker party attendees also felt motivated with mentors around.
o   Themed maker parties made a huge impact, especially in India maker parties with theme produced more makes than non-themed parties. Eg: Independence Day Maker party.
o   Webmaker Swag.

Whats next?
·         What we are excited about for 2014?
o   Offline webmaker tools.
o   JS teaching kits using webmaker.
o   Openbadges in webmaker
o   Maker Party 2014
·         Where are the biggest opportunities for Webmaking?
o   Science + Webmaking
o   Openbadges + Webmaker
o   A defined common Structure for maker parties (this can be hacked to be practically possible in your region).
o   Focus on children and school students, teaching them to become mentors.
o   As online courses/demos for learning HTML-CSS-JS    
·         What can be done better or differently to get there?
o   Science + Webmaking – learning templates for easy understanding. Eg: Converting programing concept documents to thimble/popcorn templates. 
o   Prioritise after event follow up.
o   Inclusion of open badges using step wise badge awarding process. Eg: Beginner, expert, theme maker, Yay your first maker! badge and more.
o   Easy event and mentorship guides for newbies.
o   Creation of slides and information templates for speakers and organizers (this will help them answer questions during maker parties). 

Pictures from the maker parties:
Pictures from Mozfest 2013:
Webmaker + together.js: